Summary Millennium Goals of the United Nations; Research Report
By Marieke Nieuwstraten (intern of Coba Baca, 2013) (Her report and summary are originally written in Dutch and called: ’Millennium Doelstellingen van de Verenigde Naties'. English translation by Peer Maas. For the original report and additional statistics please see the 1st page of Dutch website.)
Coba Baca, more than a library!
In September 2000 the United Nations signed a plan to close the gap between rich and poor by stimulating the development of poor countries.
A group of experts worked out a detailed plan containing eight Millennium Development Goals. These eight goals are: 1-to fight extreme famine and poverty, 2-to achieve universal basic education, 3-to promote emancipation of women, 4-to reduce childmortality,
5-to improve the health of mothers, 6-to fight diseases like HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, 7-to guarantee a environment that can be preserved and 8-to achieve worldwide cooperation in the area of development.
The intention is that these goals are achieved before 2015. This intention seems to be a noble but unachievable ambition. Also Indonesia has difficulty to achieve the goals.
For example the mortality rate of mothers is still very high and the number of HIV/AIDS cases just gets bigger these past years. Coba Baca can by means of the library contribute with matching courses and activities to the development in this area. In relation to the Millennium Development Goals Coba Baca does very well in several areas. Ofcourse in some areas there is room for improvement.
So in the first place a contribution is made to achieve the first goal, 'fighting extreme famine and poverty'. Coba Baca provides knowledge and as a consequence stimulates economic growth. It will be most probable that in the long term the part of the population living on less than $1 will decrease. Especially the access, because of low membership prices and sponsoring, is made extra easy for the poorer part of the population.
Coba Baca also contributes to a certain extent to achieve the second goal 'to achieve universal basic eduction'. The members of Coba Baca are mostly local children.
An introduction to the library at a young age offers a good basis for the rest of the investments in human capital. For example the school achievements and attendance can contribute to the successful challenge that these children complete an entire educational method ofbasic education.
In addition Coba Baca contributes to achieve the third goal 'to promote emancipation of women'. Libraries are able to improve future investments in human capital: for example by providing languagecourses one can adapt to the employment market. The main part of the members of Coba Baca, 71,5 percent, consists of women. And sothe emancipation of women is promoted. The library offers at the moment eleven books on women and seven books specifically on the emancipation of women. This number could be increased by means of any kind of support.
Goals four and five 'to reduce childmortality', 'to improve the health of mothers', are discussed together. Coba Baca contributes well here, because the library offers a big number of books on these subjects. There are fiftythree books on health, and sixteen of them discuss both subjects. Furthermore for the bazaar organized on the 19th of JanuarY 2013 a booklet was put together by te staff of Coba Baca with information on the health of pregnant women and on nursing babies.
At the moment the library has a small supply of books on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other diseases, see goal six 'to fight diseases like HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis'. Especially if one considers HIV/AIDS and the above–average number of infectiions on Bali. Informative brochures on HIV/AIDS are available at Coba Baca. At the last bazaar a representative of 'Warga’s Peduli', an organization promoting (social) rights for homosexuals, discussed the subject. It is clear that Coba Baca tries her best to bring the attention about these subjects to a wider puiblic. More books about thes subjects, especially on HIV/AIDS, would be an extra chance for Coba Baca to contribute to this sixth developmentgoal.
About 'to guarantee a environment that can be preserved', goal seven, one can find twentytwo specific books in the library. It is always difficult to see - like with the books on other subjects- if these books are really used. Therefore an informative event is planned around this subject. In this manner Coba Baca helps to contribute to this goal.
Goal eight 'to achieve worldwide cooperation in the area of development' is about worldwide cooperation of governments, trade and indusry, helping developing countries to achieve their goals. This is not applicable to libraries.